A Regional Guide to Depositions in Europe

 
Based on our experience at Optima Juris, we estimate that about 70% of all foreign-held U.S. depositions take place in Europe. Due to the tremendous scale of the economic interdependence between Europe and the United States, American litigations often require testimony from European witnesses and experts.

European Parties to the Hague Evidence Convention

Albania
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Italy
Latvia
Liechtenstein*
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Monaco
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
*Non-Member States
Full List of the Hague Evidence Convention Parties

Countries That Require Visas

If a visa is required, obtain it from the appropriate foreign consular representative before proceeding abroad. Allow sufficient time for processing your visa application especially if you are applying by mail. Most foreign consular representatives are located in principal cities and in many instances a traveler may be required to obtain visas from the consular office in the area of his/her residence.
European Countries Requiring Visas:
Armenia
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russia
Turkey*
Foreign Consular Offices in the United States
Visa Requirements for U.S. Citizens

Tips & Advice

Exchanging money
Compare exchange rates at a number of booths if possible, but don’t waste time and money traipsing across town to save ten euros. Banks and booths typically give much better rates than hotels or other businesses. It’s wise to exchange money at a licensed foreign exchange location – while you may get a better rate on the street, you may get burned by a scam or wind up with obsolete or fraudulent notes – weigh up the pros and cons.
Carry some cash
While credit cards are accepted throughout Europe, cash is still king when you are absolutely in a bind. While we aren’t saying to be a walking ATM, do have several hundred dollars on you just in case.
Get your paper work straight
Do make sure everyone has a passport (more family members means more chances someone is missing something). Do make sure everyone has a visa if applicable. Do check the embassy rules as they are constantly updated. Also, see what items are included in your travel package (insurance, tipping, forms, etc.).
Organize comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy
Register your travel and contact details, so someone can contact you in an emergency
Tipping Rules
To tip the cabbie, round up. For a typical ride, round up about 5-10 percent (to pay a €4.50 fare, give €5; for a €28 fare, give €30). If the cabbie hauls your bags and zips you to the airport to help you catch your flight, you might want to toss in a little more. But if you feel like you’re being driven in circles or otherwise ripped off, skip the tip.
Restaurant tips are more modest in Europe than in America. In most places, 10 percent is a big tip. Tipping is an issue only at restaurants that have waiters and waitresses. If you order your food at a counter (in a pub, for example), don’t tip.

Useful Links

Hotels
Agoda Hotel Search in Europe
Lonely Planet Europe Hotel Search
CIA
CIA Factbook Page
U.S. Embassy
United State Embassies Around the World
Electrical Requirements
Detailed List on Voltage Requirements
 
To see more useful practical information and advice on depositions in Europe please visit: http://optimajuris.com/info-center/regional-guides-europe.shtml
We are always here to help! Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any questions or would like to schedule a deposition in Europe.